农民适应机制的有效性及其决定因素在洪水易发地区的比哈尔邦


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作者

关键词:

洪水,农场生活,适应、技术创新、制度创新

文摘

比哈尔邦的是印度最容易受到洪水和洪水泛滥地区的农民已经经历了适应通过技术和制度创新的结合。本研究旨在探索适应机制的有效性所感受到农民减轻洪水对生计的负面影响包括随机抽取的80名农民Bhagalpur区2022年在比哈尔邦的低洼地区。研究结果表明,农民已经开发出一系列适应策略来应对洪水的影响,最有效的是种植模式的变化,采用耐涝水稻品种、蔬菜病虫害抗性品种,疫苗接种的牲畜,和鱼塘的管理。制度创新就像自助团体,农民的利益集团,农民俱乐部,种子银行,和村级天气报告也发现使农民能够适应洪水的关键。收入、耕地、信息可用性和使用的通信消息人士解释50%以上的变化适应农民的感知效果。未来需要加强制度基础设施扩展努力,推动flood-resilient技术来减少农业生计的脆弱性。

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作者的传记

Souvik Ghosh

Souvik Ghosh博士目前教授(农业扩展)和前,农业推广部门,Visva-Bharati。他是经济部门的定位是来访的科学家在2016年美国南达科塔州立大学。早些时候他科学家和ICAR-Indian水资源管理研究所的资深科学家,布巴内斯瓦尔在2000 - 09年和2009 - 13年,分别。之后,可以毕业的金牌得主Agril)。荣誉。Visva-Bharati大学在1995年,通过moran的。(制酪业)乳制品扩展教育与Directora€™s金牌在国家乳制品研究所,1997年Karnal。完成后,博士(农业推广)从印度农业研究所,新德里2000年重要的研究生研究的区别,Ghosh博士加入ICAR 2000年7月10日的农业研究服务。Ghosh博士完成了八个项目如Co-PIπ和22个项目。他杰出的工作在农业推广领域的研究带来了许多荣誉,包括拉尔巴阿杜Shastri ICAR的杰出科学家奖2011,ICAR杰出团队研究奖2006年,K.N.辛格博士纪念奖2017年扩展的印度社会教育(ISEE) ISEE Y.P.辛格博士纪念2018年奖,最佳科学家奖ICAR-Indian研究所2008年水资源管理机构奖2006研究所的工程师(印度)——奥里萨邦中心,青年科学家奖2005年,等他的ISEE, IARI,新德里和社会可持续发展社区动员,新德里。总共有304 Ghosh博士的出版物包括137篇论文在国内外期刊和六本书。欧宝官方首页欧宝娱乐最新下载地址 For his book on “वैशà¥à¤µà¥€à¤•à¤°à¤£ और à¤à¤¾à¤°à¤¤à¥€à¤¯ खादà¥à¤¯ सà¥à¤°à¤•à¥à¤·à¤¾â€œ- Globalisation and Indian Food Security (ISBN-978-81-910947-0-1), Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Puraskar (First Prize) of Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India conferred by His Excellency President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on 14th September 2012. Notable contributions of Dr. Ghosh include development of methodologies for integrated assessment of recommended agricultural water management technologies from multi-layer multi stakeholders’ perspectives, formulation of impact assessment framework for participatory irrigation management (PIM) reforms, evaluation of an irrigation system from the farmers’ perspectives following fuzzy logic, construction of water user group dynamics index, assessment of irrigation-agriculture-livelihood-poverty links in eastern Indian states, studies on various issues of agricultural extension management, communication, climate change impact and adaptation, diversified farming and rural livelihood. He coordinated many National level trainers’ trainings sponsored by Ministry of Water Resources and Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for states’ line departments, irrigation departments, NGOs officials of different states as well as nine farmers’ trainings each of seven days duration on scaling-up of water productivity at different locations in which more than thousand farmers were trained. He delivered more than hundred invited lectures in farmers’ and trainers’ training programmes. His presence as invited/guest speakers in different forums and events organized by ICAR institutes, State Agricultural Universities, Central and State Government organizations as well as International organizations shows his recognition as an expert in the discipline of agricultural extension and participatory on-farm water management. He has also been involved in many other assignments like external expert in selection committees, editors in editorial committees of professional society’s journals, reviewer in the national and international journals, etc. He has made significant contributions for advancing the cause of agricultural extension research.

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17.04.2023

发表

31.05.2023

如何引用

Yadav, P。,& Ghosh, S. (2023). Effectiveness of Adaptation Mechanisms of Farmers and its Determinants in Flood Prone Area of Bihar.印度扩展教育杂欧宝娱乐最新下载地址志》上,59(3)32-37。从//www.lamyriade.com/index.php/IJEE/article/view/135471获取