Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

作为提交流程的一部分,作者要求的事情uired to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The corresponding author/ first author is a life/ ordinary member of the Indian Society of Extension Education (S-2504). Ordinary membership is valid for one year only. Life/ ordinary membership is open only to those who possess a degree in Extension Education.
    Kindly mention the membership ID of the corresponding author in the Comments /submission notes to Editor. (You may contact President/ Secretary ISEE to settle membership ID No)
  • At least one of the authors of the present manuscript possesses a Master's/ Doctorate degree in Agricultural Extension/ Home Science Extension/ Dairy Extension/ Veterinary Extension/ Fisheries Extension/ other related Agricultural Sciences. Mention the name and email ID in the submission note to Editor (In the absence of such mention, the manuscript will not be processed).
  • I/We have gone through the author guidelines and the manuscript adheres to the author guidelines.
    The manuscript is within the focus subject matter areas of the journal.
    The casual declaration may lead to rejection without giving reasons
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments/ Notes to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Open Office, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

    The metadata of all the authors in the manuscript is being properly submitted
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided. The references follow the style of the Indian Journal of Extension Education and the journal name has not been abbreviated anywhere.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. Figures are in editable format instead of image format.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author's guidelines, which are found in About the Journal.
    The casual declaration may lead to rejection without giving reasons.

  • The Author/Article certificate, Conflict of Interest statement, Competing Interest Declaration form, and the Author's contribution forms are to be submitted before acceptance of the article for publication. The format is available at //www.lamyriade.com/index.php/ijee/about/
  • The plagiarism check report with appropriate software (Turnitin/URKUND/ithenticate/ ouriginal etc.) is being submitted as a supplementary file and it is below 10 % . I/ we (the authors) will be responsible for any deviation if found otherwise at any stage of the manuscript processing.

Author Guidelines

    • TheTITLEshould not exceed 14 words and must be representative of the content.
    • TheABSTRACTis a mini version of full paper. Abstract should contain year of study, brief account of principal objective(s), methods used, principal results, and main conclusion in understandable form so that the reader need not refer to the whole article except for details.. It should be written in simple past tense, in complete sentences, limited to 150-200 words. It should not have references to literature, illustrations, and tables.
    • TheKEYWORDSbest describes the nature of the research after the abstract.Provide a list of 5 to 8 keywords (indexing terms). The first letter of each keyword should be in upper case or capital letter. As major words in the title are not used in the subject index, appropriate words from the title (or synonyms) should be listed as keywords.
    • TheINTRODUCTIONprovides rationale for the study, written in present tense, refers to established knowledge in literature. It should contain nature and scope of the problem, review of relevant literature, hypothesis, approach and justification for this approach. No trade name should be used and Industrial products should be referred to by their chemical names (give ingredients in parentheses) at first mention. In the absence of a common name, use the full name or a defined abbreviation, in preference to a trade name. It should be between 450-500 words.
    • The’METHODOLOGY’describes what was done- experimental model or field study. It should be an exhaustive one (in logical order, sufficient details to reproduce the procedure) without tables and figures (approximately 300- 400 words). The subheadings must be avoided as far as possible in methodology. It should be written in simple past tense. Where the methods are well known, the citation of standard work is sufficient. All modifications of procedures must be explained. Experimental materials and statistical models should be described clearly and fully. Calculations and the validity of deductions made from them should be checked and validated. Units of measurement, symbols, and standard abbreviations should conform to international standards. Metric measurements are preferred, and dosages should be expressed entirely in metric units (SI units). Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used.
    • TheRESULTS AND DISCUSSIONshould preferably be combined to avoid repetition.Resultspresent the data, the facts- what you found/ calculated/ discovered/ observed. It should be written in simple past tense to report your observations on experiment/fieldwork, its comparison/contrast. Only the salient results need to be presented instead of writing the whole tabular/ graphical data in text. Too many paragraphs are discouraged; one concept must be dealt with at one place and time in one paragraph. TheDiscussionshows the relationship among the facts, it puts results in context of previous researches, and the emphasis must be on presenting results in relation to established knowledge. The discussion should contain trends, relationships, generalizations, any exception, outlying data, agreement/ disagreement with previous researches with reasons. The discussion should be written in present tense. IJEE does not appreciate more than three subheadings in Results and Discussion. Avoid making too many tables just for the number's sake, do not give socio-personal profile table and text till it is utmost necessary and has some bearing on the other part of the research (most times it is not so).
      • Results should be presented in tabular form and graphs when feasible but not both. The colour figures and plates are printed when information would be lost if reproduced in black and white. Mean results with the relevant standard errors should be presented rather than detailed data. The data should be so arranged that the tables would fit in the normal layout of the page. Self-explanatory tables should be typed on separate sheets and carry appropriate titles. The titles of tables/figures should not be more than 12 words. The tabular matter should not exceed 20% of the text. Any abbreviation used in a table must be defined in that table. All tables should be cited in the text. If an explanation is necessary, use an abbreviation in the body of the table (e.g. ND) and explain clearly in footnotes what the abbreviation means. References to footnotes in a table are specified by superscript numbers, independently for each table. Superscript letters are used to designate statistical significance. Use a lower case p to indicate probability values (i.e. p<0.05). In general, use numerals, when two numbers appear adjacent to each other, spell out the first (i.e. three districts were selected rather than 3 districts were selected). In a series using some numbers less than 10 and some more than 10 use numerals for all (i.e. 2 splits, 6 plants were selected). Do not begin a sentence with a numeral. Spell it out or rearrange the sentence. Abbreviate the terms hour (h), minute (min) and second (sec) when used with a number in the text but spell them out when they are used alone. Do not use a hyphen to indicate inclusiveness (e.g. use 12 to 14 year or wk 3 and 4 not 12-14 mg or wk 3-4). Use Arabic numerals with abbreviated units of measure: 2 g, 5 d, $4.00, 3% and numerical designations in the text: exp 1, group 3, etc.
    • The‘CONCLUSION’summarizes principal findings and should not be of more than one paragraph (100-150 words) after the discussion and explain in general terms the implications of the findings of this research. It has to be written in present tense and the emphasis must be on what should now be accepted as established knowledge. Conclusion should relate back to introduction and hypothesis. Implication, the significance of your results or any practical application must find place in conclusion. Abbreviations, acronyms, or citations should not be used here. It should not be a repetition of the abstract.
    • Figures (histogram/pie chart/another type of charts) should be in editable rich text material with the backup data file. The image of the figure or jpg/jpeg is not be allowed.
    • The paper should always be written in third person form (Avoid I /We / Research Team / Project Team etc.).There is always a different style for paper writing and thesis writing, try to be precise enough without compromising the quality. Avoid too many paragraphs; one concept must be dealt with at one place and time in one paragraph. There must not be 3-4 subheadings in the result and discussion and the table & figures must be limited to a maximum of 5 for the research paper and 3 for the research note. Avoid presenting the same data in text, table, and figures verbatim. Avoid making too many tables just for the number sake, also avoid giving socio personal profile till it is utmost necessary and has some bearing on the other part of the research (most times it is not so).Also discouraged too many columns in the table, like; number/ frequency in one column, the percentage in second and rank in third, only one column showing percent will be sufficient.
    • Thereferences listshould be typed in alphabetical order. The reference list should be first sorted alphabetically by author(s) and secondly chronologically. A recent issue of the journal should be consulted for the methods of citation of REFERENCES in the text as well as at the end of the article. TheIndian Journal of Extension Education (IJEE)follows common APA Style references and citations in text. Journal names should never be abbreviated. For more information on references and reference examples, see Chapters 8, 9 and 10 of thePublication Manualas well as theConcise Guide to APA Style(7th ed.). Also see the Reference Examples pages on the APA Style website. Few examples of reference section as well as in-text citation are given at计画p://www.lamyriade.com/ejournal/index.php/ijee/about/submissions#authorGuidelines:
      • A minimum of three references from previous three years' issues of IJEE available at epubs only are encouraged. There must be at least 15 references from the related researches. It is appreciable if the references are from Social Science/ Extension Education/ Communication/ Entrepreneurship/ Management/ Education related journals. References from other non-social science journals are not appreciated. References should not be abbreviated especially the journal name (as per IJEE style). Check capitalization Vs sentence case properly. In references the ‘&’ should be used instead of ‘and’ before last author name, whereas in the text it should be ‘and’. The word ‘et al’ must not be italics in the text. The reference, in general, should not be older than 15 years and should be from published sources only. Avoid unpublished thesis (older than five years) references. Wherever possible provide the URL of the reference. Unauthenticated references may lead to the rejection of manuscript.
      • Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copyrighted material, and include an acknowledgement of the source in their article. They should be aware that the unreferenced use of the published and unpublished ideas, writing or illustrations of others, or submission of a complete paper under new authorship in a different or the same language, is plagiarism.
      • Articles forwarded to the editor for publication are understood to be offered to the Indian Journal of Extension Education exclusively and the copyrights automatically stand transferred to the Indian Society of Extension Education. It is also understood that the authors have obtained the approval of their department, faculty, or institute in cases where such permission is necessary. The Editorial Board takes no responsibility for facts or opinions expressed in the Journal, which rests entirely with the authors thereof. Proof-correction should be in Track Change mode. All queries marked in the article should be answered. Proofs are supplied for a check-up of the correctness of typesetting and facts. The proofs should be returned within 3 days. The alternation in authors name is not permitted at any later stage after the article is submitted to the Indian Journal of Extension Education.
    • The article certificate, Author Contribution form, Disclosure of Competing Interest & Declaration of Conflict of Interest duly signed by all the authors should be mailed in original to Chief Editor, ISEE on acceptance of manuscript in prescribed format (available at计画p://www.lamyriade.com/ejournal/index.php/ijee/about/submissions#authorGuidelines). In absence of these certificates the manuscript processing will immediately be stopped and will not be published.
    • Reference section

      Indian Journal of Extension Education (IJEE)follows common APA Style references and citation in text. Journal name should never be abbreviated. For more information on references and reference examples, see Chapters 8, 9 and 10 of thePublication Manualas well as theConcise Guide to APA Style(7th ed.). Also see the Reference Examples pages on the APA Style website. Few examples are of reference section as well as text citation are given below:

      1. a) Journal Article

      Lachner, A., Backfisch, I., Hoogerheide, V., van Gog, T., & Renkl, A. (2020). Timing matters! Explaining between study phases enhances students’ learning.Journal of Educational Psychology, 112(4), 841–853.计画ps://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000396

      1. b) Online Magazine Article

      Gander, K. (2020, April 29). COVID-19 vaccine being developed in Australia raises antibodies to neutralize virus in pre-clinical tests.Newsweek.计画ps://www.newsweek.com/australia-covid-19-vaccine-neutralize-virus-1500849

      1. c) Print Magazine Article

      Nicholl, K. (2020, May). A royal spark.Vanity Fair, 62(5), 56–65, 100.

      1. d) Online Newspaper Article

      Roberts, S. (2020, April 9). Early string ties us to Neanderthals.The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/science/neanderthals-fiber-string-math.html

      1. e) Print Newspaper Article

      Reynolds, G. (2019, April 9). Different strokes for athletic hearts.The New York Times, D4.

      1. f) Blog Post

      Rutledge, P. (2019, March 11). The upside of social media.The Media Psychology Blog. https://www.pamelarutledge.com/2019/03/11/the-upside-of-social-media/

      1. g) Authored Book

      Kaufman, K. A., Glass, C. R., & Pineau, T. R. (2018).Mindful sport performance enhancement: Mental training for athletes and coaches. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000048-000

      1. h) Edited Book Chapter

      Zeleke, W. A., Hughes, T. L., & Drozda, N. (2020). Home–school collaboration to promote mind–body health. In C. Maykel & M. A. Bray (Eds.),Promoting mind–body health in schools: Interventions for mental health professionals(pp. 11–26). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000157-002

      1. i) Online Dictionary Entry

      美国心理协会。(n.d.). Internet addiction. InAPA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved April 24, 2020, from https://dictionary.apa.org/internet-addiction

      1. j) Report by a Group Author

      World Health Organization. (2014).Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/113048/WHO_NMH_NHD_14.1_ eng.pdf?ua=1

      1. k) Report by Individual Authors

      Winthrop, R., Ziegler, L., Handa, R., & Fakoya, F. (2019).How playful learning can help leapfrog progress in education. Center for Universal Education at Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/ uploads/2019/04/how_playful_learning_can_help_leapfrog_progress_in_education.pdf

      1. l) Press Release

      美国心理协会。(2020, March 2).APA reaffirms psychologists’ role in combating climate change[Press release]. https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2020/03/combating-climate-change

      1. m) Conference Session

      Davidson, R. J. (2019, August 8–11).Well-being is a skill[Conference session]. APA 2019 Convention, Chicago, IL, United States. https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/a5ea5d51/files/uploaded/APA2019_ Program_190708.pdf

      1. n) Dissertation From a Database

      Horvath-Plyman, M. (2018).Social media and the college student journey: An examination of how social media use impacts social capital and affects college choice, access, and transition(Publication No. 10937367) [Doctoral dissertation, New York University]. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global.

      1. o) Preprint Article

      Latimier, A., Peyre, H., & Ramus, F. (2020).A meta-analytic review of the benefit of spacing out retrieval practice episodes on retention. PsyArXiv. https://psyarxiv.com/kzy7u/

      1. p) Data Set

      O’Donohue, W. (2017).Content analysis of undergraduate psychology textbooks(ICPSR 21600; Version V1) [Data set]. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36966.v1

      1. q) Film or Video

      Doctor, P., & Del Carmen, R. (Directors). (2015).Inside out[Film]. Walt Disney Pictures; Pixar Animation Studios.

      1. r) TV Series Episode

      Dippold, K. (Writer), & Trim, M. (Director). (2011, April 14). Fancy party (Season 3, Episode 9) [TV series episode]. In G. Daniels, H. Klein, D. Miner, & M. Schur (Executive Producers),Parks and recreation. Deedle-Dee Productions; Fremulon; 3 Arts Entertainment; Universal Media Studios.

      1. s) Webinar

      Kamin, H. S., Lee, C. L., & McAdoo, T. L. (2020).Creating references using seventh edition APA Style(研讨会)。美国心理协会。计画ps://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/tutorials-webinars

      1. t) YouTube Video

      Above The Noise. (2017, October 18).Can procrastination be a good thing?[Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQMwmBNNOnQ

      1. u) Song or Track

      Nirvana. (1991). Smells like teen spirit [Song]. OnNevermind. DGC.

      1. v) Radio Broadcast

      Hersher, R. (2020, March 19).Spring starts today all over America, which is weird[Radio broadcast]. NPR.计画ps://www.npr.org/2020/03/19/817237429/spring-starts-today-all-over america-which-is-weird3

      Podcast Episode

      Santos, L. (Host). (n.d.). Psychopaths and superheroes (No. 1) [Audio podcast episode]. In The happiness lab with Dr. Laurie Santos. Pushkin Industries. https://www.happinesslab.fm/season-2-episodes/ episode-1

      Infographic

      美国心理协会。(n.d.).Data sharing[Infographic]. https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/ data-sharing-infographic.pdf

      PowerPoint From a Classroom Website

      Mack, R., & Spake, G. (2018).Citing open source images and formatting references for presentations[PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@FNU.计画ps://fnu.onelogin.com/login

      Tweet

      Obama, B. [@BarackObama]. (2020, April 7).It’s World Health Day, and we owe a profound debt of gratitude to all our medical professionals. They’re still giving[Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/ BarackObama/status/1247555328365023238

      Open Educational Resource

      Fagan, J. (2019, March 25).Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020, from计画ps://www.oercommons.org/authoring/53029-nursing-clinical-brain/view

      Webpage

      Chandler, N. (2020, April 9).What’s the difference between Sasquatch and Bigfoot?howstuffworks.计画ps://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/strange-creatures/sasquatch-bigfoot-difference.html

      Webpage on a News Website

      Machado, J., & Turner, K. (2020, March 7).The future of feminism. Vox. https://www.vox.com/ identities/2020/3/7/21163193/international-womens-day-2020

      Webpage With a Retrieval Date

      Center for Systems Science and Engineering. (2020, May 6).COVID-19 dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). Johns Hopkins University & Medicine, Coronavirus Resource Center. Retrieved May 6, 2020, from计画ps://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html

      Citations in text

      Groups of references cited in a sentence in the text must be listed in chronological order.

      In-text, citations have two formats: parenthetical and narrative.

      Inparenthetical citations,作者姓名和出版日期出现在parentheses. Both the author and the date, separated by a comma, appear in parentheses for a parenthetical citation. A parenthetical citation can appear within or at the end of a sentence. For example

      Falsely balanced news coverage can distort the public’s perception of expert consensus on an issue (Koehler, 2016).

      Innarrative citations, the author name is incorporated into the text as part of the sentence and the year follows in parentheses. The author’s surname appears in running text, and the date appears in parentheses immediately after the author’s name for a narrative citation. For example:

      Koehler (2016) noted the dangers of falsely balanced news coverage.

      In rare cases, the author and date might both appear in the narrative. In this case, do not use parentheses. For example

      In 2016, Koehler noted the dangers of falsely balanced news coverage.

      Each work cited must appear in the reference list, and each work in the reference list must be cited in the text (or in a table, figure, footnote, or appendix).

      Both paraphrases and quotations require citations.

      A paraphrase restates another’s idea (or your own previously published idea) in your own words. Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources, focus on significant information, and compare and contrast relevant details.

      Authors paraphrase their sources most of the time, rather than directly quoting the sources; When you paraphrase, cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Although it is not required to provide a page or paragraph number in the citation, you may include one (in addition to the author and year) when it would help interested readers locate the relevant passage within a long or complex work (e.g., a book).

      Webster-Stratton (2016) described a case example of a 4-year-old girl who showed an insecure attachment to her mother; in working with the family dyad, the therapist focused on increasing the mother’s empathy for her child (pp. 152–153).

      Adirect quotationreproduces words verbatim from another work or from your own previously published work. It is best to paraphrase sources rather than directly quoting them because paraphrasing allows you to fit material to the context of your paper and writing style. Use direct quotations rather than paraphrasing in case reproducing an exact definition, an author has said something memorably or succinctly, or when you want to respond to exact wording (e.g., something someone said).

      For quotations of fewer than 40 words, add quotation marks around the words and incorporate the quote into your own text—there is no additional formatting needed. Do not insert an ellipsis at the beginning and/or end of a quotation unless the original source includes an ellipsis.

      Effective teams can be difficult to describe because “high performance along one domain does not translate to high performance along another” (Ervin et al., 2018, p. 470).

      直接报价,通常包括一个完整的纺织品tion (parenthetical or narrative) in the same sentence as the quotation, including the page number (or other location information, e.g., paragraph number). Place a parenthetical citation either immediately after the quotation or at the end of the sentence. For a narrative citation, include the author and year in the sentence and then place the page number or other location information in parentheses after the quotation.

      If the quotation precedes the narrative citation, put the page number or location information after the year and a comma. If the citation appears at the end of a sentence, put the end punctuation after the closing parenthesis for the citation.

      • Place periods and commas within closing single or double quotation marks. Place other punctuation marks inside quotation marks only when they are part of the quoted material.

      Format quotations of 40 words or more as block quotations:

      • Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation. Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin. Double-space the entire block quotation. Do not add extra space before or after it. If there are additional paragraphs within the quotation, indent the first line of each subsequent paragraph an additional 0.5 in.
      • Either cite the source in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation or cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotation’s final punctuation.
      • Do not add a period after the closing parenthesis in either case.

      Block quotation with parenthetical citation:

      Researchers have studied how people talk to themselves:

      Inner speech is a paradoxical phenomenon. It is an experience that is central to many people’s everyday lives, and yet it presents considerable challenges to any effort to study it scientifically. Nevertheless, a wide range of methodologies and approaches have combined to shed light on the subjective experience of inner speech and its cognitive and neural underpinnings. (Alderson-Day & Fernyhough, 2015, p. 957)

      Block quotation with narrative citation:

      Flores et al. (2018) described how they addressed potential researcher bias when working with an intersectional community of transgender people of color:

      Everyone on the research team belonged to a stigmatized group but also held privileged identities. Throughout the research process, we attended to the ways in which our privileged and oppressed identities may have influenced the research process, findings, and presentation of results. (p. 311)

      The following are general guidelines to follow when writing in-text citations:

      • Ensure that the spelling of author names and the publication dates in reference list entries match those in the corresponding in-text citations.
      • 引用只能阅读和思想you have incorporated into your writing. The works you cite may provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data.
      • Readers may find a long string of citations difficult to understand, especially if they are using assistive technology such as a screen reader; therefore, include only those citations needed to support your immediate point.
      • Cite primary sources when possible, and cite secondary sources sparingly.
      • Cite sources to document all facts and figures that you mention that are not common knowledge.
      • To cite a specific part of a source, provide an author–date citation for the work plus information about the specific part.
      • Even when sources cannot be retrieved (e.g., because they are personal communications), still credit them in the text (however, avoid using online sources that are no longer recoverable).

      Layout Formats

      General:Use Times New Roman font of size 12 points. The paragraph must be justified and separated from one another with a single space. Line spacing must be ‘Double’.

      Page layout:Format your article so that it can be printed on A4 size paper with a provision of left, right and top margin of 2.5 cm. The bottom margin must be 4 cm.

      Major heading:All major heading (ABSTRACT, KEYWORDS, INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND REFERENCES) should be in upper case or capital letters (14 point bold) ‘centre aligned’.

      Sub-headings:Use font size of 12 point bold. To be typed on a separate line and ‘left aligned’ first letter of the first word to be in upper case (capital letter) and all other letters in lower case (small letter) e.g. Socio-economic and psychological characteristics.

      Sub-sub headings:Use font size of 10 point bold, in italics and ‘left aligned’. To be typed in a separate line with use with left margin. The first letter of first word to be in upper case (capital letter) and all other letters in lower case (small letters)

      Table formats:Tables have to be placed in the appropriate place in the text. They should be prepared using the Table facility of Microsoft Word. Tables must have a Table caption on the top of the Table. The first letter of the first word of the caption should be in upper case (capital letters) and all other letters in lower case (small letters). A research paper should not have more than seven Tables.

      Graphic formats:Only computer-generated charts of figures (as a part of Microsoft word or GIF of JPEG files) or photographs relevant to the contents of the paper will be accepted.

      Acronyms:You have to spell out the acronym for its first occurrence followed by the acronym within parenthesis. Example: Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) or Training and visit (T & V).

      Plagiarism:Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copyrighted material, and include an acknowledgement of the source in their article. They should be aware that the unreferenced use of the published and unpublished ideas, writing or illustrations of others, or submission of a complete paper under new authorship in a different or the same language, is plagiarism.

      Other policies:Articles forwarded to the editor for publication are understood to be offered to the Indian Journal of Extension Education exclusively and the copyrights automatically stand transferred to the Indian Society of Extension Education. It is also understood that the authors have obtained the approval of their department, faculty, or institute in cases where such permission is necessary. The Editorial Board takes no responsibility for facts or opinions expressed in the Journal, which rests entirely with the authors thereof. Proof-correction should be in Track Change mode. All queries marked in the article should be answered. Proofs are supplied for a check-up of the correctness of typesetting and facts. The proofs should be returned within 3 days. The alternation in authors name is not permitted at any later stage after the article is submitted to the Indian Journal of Extension Education.

      Article certificate:这篇文章aut正式签署的所有证书hors should be mailed in original to Chief Editor ISEE. In absence of article certificate it will not be published.
    • Guidelines to the Authors

      Indian Journal of Extension Educationis the official publication of Indian Society of Extension Education (ISEE), new Delhi. It publishes original research papers in the field of extension education and allied fields. Paper for publication should be submitted online on计画p://www.lamyriade.com/ejournal/index.php/ijeeor at official website计画p://www.iseeiari.org. The official email of the chief editor of the society ischiefeditorisee@gmail.com. Before submission of paper, it is strongly advised that it may be checked and edited by your coauthor(s), professional colleagues for its technical contents including grammatical and spelling correctness. The length of the manuscript should not exceed 12 typed pages (double space). The plagiarism must be checked before submission.The plagiarism check report with appropriate software (Turnitin/URKUND/ithenticate/ ouriginal etc.) should be submitted as a supplementary file and it should be below 10 %.

      Submission of final manuscript:The submitted paper will be evaluated by the editorial members and referees for their suitability. The paper will be sent back to the author to carry out the changes or modifications as suggested by the referees and editorial members. The final manuscript has to be uploaded only through electronic form (as an attachment) through计画p://www.lamyriade.com/ejournal/index.php/ijeewith an email to the following e-mail address:chiefeditorisee@gmail.com.

      The manuscript should be arranged as follows:Title, running title, abstract, keyword, introduction, methodology, results and discussion, conclusion and references. Kindly check the recent issues at计画p://www.iseeiari.org

      Title Page:The names, current affiliation, complete address (place where work was conducted) including e-mail address of author(s), Present address(es) of author(s) if applicable; Complete correspondence address including email address to which the proofs should be sent (these should be given as footnote on first page). Do not use abbreviation or acronyms for designation of job, position and institution name. The title must be centered (16 point bold). The first letter of the every word of the title should be in upper case (Capital letter). All other letter should be in lower case (small letters). Example: Socio economic Impact of Self Help Groups.

Submission Template

The Space for Title of the Manuscript

Title Should Not Exceed 14 Words and Must be Representative of the Content.

The title should be in ‘Capitalize Each Word’

ABSTRACT

The abstract is a mini version of full paper. Abstract should contain year of study, brief account of principal objective(s), methods used, principal results, and main conclusion in understandable form so that the reader need not refer to the whole article except for details.. It should be written in simple past tense, in complete sentences, limited to 150-200 words. It should not have references to literature, illustrations, and tables.

KEYWORDS

The keywords best describes the nature of the research after the abstract.Provide a list of 5 to 8 keywords (indexing terms). The first letter of each keyword should be in upper case or capital letter. As major words in the title are not used in the subject index, appropriate words from the title (or synonyms) should be listed as keywords.

INTRODUCTION

The introduction provides rationale for the study, written in present tense, refers to established knowledge in literature. It should contain nature and scope of the problem, review of relevant literature, hypothesis, approach and justification for this approach. No trade name should be used and Industrial products should be referred to by their chemical names (give ingredients in parentheses) at first mention. In the absence of a common name, use the full name or a defined abbreviation, in preference to a trade name. It should be between 450-500 words without sub heading/s. The word et al, if used in any in-text citation must not be in italics.

METHODOLOGY

The’ methodologydescribes what was done- experimental model or field study. It should be an exhaustive one (in logical order, sufficient details to reproduce the procedure) without tables and figures (approximately 300- 400 words). The subheadings must be avoided as far as possible in methodology. It should be written in simple past tense. Where the methods are well known, the citation of standard work is sufficient. All modifications of procedures must be explained. Experimental materials and statistical models should be described clearly and fully. Calculations and the validity of deductions made from them should be checked and validated. Units of measurement, symbols, and standard abbreviations should conform to international standards. Metric measurements are preferred, and dosages should be expressed entirely in metric units (SI units). Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used. Avoid sub headings in the methodology.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The results and discussion should preferably be combined to avoid repetition.Resultspresent the data, the facts- what you found/ calculated/ discovered/ observed. It should be written in simple past tense to report your observations on experiment/fieldwork, its comparison/contrast. Only the salient results need to be presented instead of writing the whole tabular/ graphical data in text. Too many paragraphs are discouraged; one concept must be dealt with at one place and time in one paragraph. TheDiscussionshows the relationship among the facts, it puts results in context of previous researches, and the emphasis must be on presenting results in relation to established knowledge. The discussion should contain trends, relationships, generalizations, any exception, outlying data, agreement/ disagreement with previous researches with reasons. The discussion should be written in present tense. IJEE does not appreciate more than three subheadings in Results and Discussion. Avoid making too many tables just for the number's sake, do not give socio-personal profile table and text till it is utmost necessary and has some bearing on the other part of the research (most times it is not so).

Results should be presented in tabular form and graphs when feasible but not both. The colour figures and plates are printed when information would be lost if reproduced in black and white. Mean results with the relevant standard errors should be presented rather than detailed data. The data should be so arranged that the tables would fit in the normal layout of the page. Self-explanatory tables should be typed on separate sheets and carry appropriate titles. The titles of tables/figures should not be more than 12 words. The tabular matter should not exceed 20% of the text. Any abbreviation used in a table must be defined in that table. All tables should be cited in the text. If an explanation is necessary, use an abbreviation in the body of the table (e.g. ND) and explain clearly in footnotes what the abbreviation means. References to footnotes in a table are specified by superscript numbers, independently for each table. Superscript letters are used to designate statistical significance. Use a lower case p to indicate probability values (i.e. p<0.05). In general, use numerals, when two numbers appear adjacent to each other, spell out the first (i.e. three districts were selected rather than 3 districts were selected). In a series using some numbers less than 10 and some more than 10 use numerals for all (i.e. 2 splits, 6 plants were selected). Do not begin a sentence with a numeral. Spell it out or rearrange the sentence. Abbreviate the terms hour (h), minute (min) and second (sec) when used with a number in the text but spell them out when they are used alone. Do not use a hyphen to indicate inclusiveness (e.g. use 12 to 14 year or wk 3 and 4 not 12-14 mg or wk 3-4). Use Arabic numerals with abbreviated units of measure: 2 g, 5 d, $4.00, 3% and numerical designations in the text: exp 1, group 3, etc.

The paper should always be written in third person form (Avoid I /We / Research Team / Project Team etc.).There is always a different style for paper writing and thesis writing, try to be precise enough without compromising the quality. Avoid too many paragraphs; one concept must be dealt with at one place and time in one paragraph. There must not be 3-4 subheadings in the result and discussion and the table & figures must be limited to a maximum of 5 for the research paper and 3 for the research note. Avoid presenting the same data in text, table, and figures verbatim. Avoid making too many tables just for the number sake, also avoid giving socio personal profile till it is utmost necessary and has some bearing on the other part of the research (most times it is not so).Also discouraged too many columns in the table, like; number/ frequency in one column, the percentage in second and rank in third, only one column showing percent will be sufficient.

Figures (histogram/pie chart/another type of charts) should be in editable rich text material with the backup data file. The image of the figure or jpg/jpeg is not be allowed.

CONCLUSION

Theconclusion’ summarizes principal findings and should not be of more than one paragraph (100-150 words) after the discussion and explain in general terms the implications of the findings of this research. It has to be written in present tense and the emphasis must be on what should now be accepted as established knowledge. Conclusion should relate back to introduction and hypothesis. Implication, the significance of your results or any practical application must find place in conclusion. Abbreviations, acronyms, or citations should not be used here. It should not be a repetition of the abstract.

REFERENCES

TheREFERENCESlists should be typed in alphabetical order. The reference list should be first sorted alphabetically by author(s) and secondly chronologically. A recent issue of the journal should be consulted for the methods of citation of REFERENCES in the text as well as at the end of the article. TheIndian Journal of Extension Education (IJEE)follows common APA Style references and citation in text. Journal name should never be abbreviated. For more information on references and reference examples, see Chapters 8, 9 and 10 of thePublication Manualas well as theConcise Guide to APA Style(7th ed.). Also see the Reference Examples pages on the APA Style website. Few examples of reference section as well as in-text citation are given at//www.lamyriade.com/index.php/ijee/about/submissions:

A minimum of three references from previous three years' issues of IJEE available at epubs only are encouraged. There must be at least 15 references from the related researches. It is appreciable if the references are from Social Science/ Extension Education/ Communication/ Entrepreneurship/ Management/ Education related journals. References from other non-social science journals are not appreciated. References should not be abbreviated especially the journal name (as per IJEE style). Check capitalization Vs sentence case properly. In references the ‘&’ should be used instead of ‘and’ before last author name, whereas in the text it should be ‘and’. The word ‘et al’ must not be italics in the text. The reference, in general, should not be older than 15 years and should be from published sources only. Avoid unpublished thesis (older than five years) references. Wherever possible provide the URL of the reference. Unauthenticated references may lead to the rejection of manuscript.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST STATEMENTS

Please specify the nature of the conflict and details of affiliation or involvement in an organization or entity with a financial or non-financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.

GENERAL

Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copyrighted material, and include an acknowledgement of the source in their article. They should be aware that the unreferenced use of the published and unpublished ideas, writing or illustrations of others, or submission of a complete paper under new authorship in a different or the same language, is plagiarism.

Articles forwarded to the editor for publication are understood to be offered to the Indian Journal of Extension Education exclusively and the copyrights automatically stand transferred to the Indian Society of Extension Education. It is also understood that the authors have obtained the approval of their department, faculty, or institute in cases where such permission is necessary. The Editorial Board takes no responsibility for facts or opinions expressed in the Journal, which rests entirely with the authors thereof. Proof-correction should be in Track Change mode. All queries marked in the article should be answered. Proofs are supplied for a check-up of the correctness of typesetting and facts. The proofs should be returned within 3 days. The alternation in authors name is not permitted at any later stage after the article is submitted to the Indian Journal of Extension Education.

The article certificate, Author Contribution form, Disclosure of Competing Interest & Declaration of Conflict of Interest duly signed by all the authors should be mailed in original to Chief Editor, ISEE on acceptance of manuscript in prescribed format (available at计画ps://www.lamyriade.com/index.php/ijee/about). In absence of these certificates the manuscript processing will immediately be stopped and will not be published.

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